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Farm Operation Characteristics

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FARM OPERATION CHARACTERISTICS

How many acres of farm/ranch land did you operate in 2007?

Mean Acres
Acres owned and operated 262.0
Acres rented (from others) and operated 180.9
Total acres operated * 463.9
Nonresponses ranged from 9 to 25

* Because of missing data, total acres does not equal the sum of acres owned and acres rented.

Of the total acres of farm/ranch land that you operated in 2007, how many acres were . . .

Mean Acres
. . . used to produce certified organic crops or livestock 110.7
. . . in transition to certified organic 23.1
. . . organically managed, but not certified or in transition 92.7
. . . used to produce conventional crops or livestock 228.4
Nonresponses ranged from 19 to 52

Which of the following business structures best describes your farm operation?

Business Structures Frequency %
Individual or single family operation 200 58.7
Family partnership 29 8.5
Family corporation 69 20.2
Partnership, other than family 10 2.9
Corporation, other than family 20 5.9
Educational or research farm 4 1.2
Other * 9 2.6
TOTAL 341 100.0
Nonresponses = 15

* “Other” responses included: non-profit organization, general business, co-farmer operation,
retreat center garden

How many people (including yourself) were employed in your farm’s organic operation in 2007?

Employees Mean Number
Family members, seasonal 1.8
Family members, year-round 1.5
Non-family, seasonal 27.8
Non-family, year-round 5.3
Nonresponses ranged from 10 to 13

Did you produce any certified organic livestock products for market in 2007?

Yes (%) No (%)
Certified organic livestock products 18.2 81.8
Nonresponses = 15

For respondents who checked “Yes” . . .

In 2007, what percentage of the feeds and forages for your certified organic livestock did you purchase from off-farm sources?

% of Feeds and Forages from Off-Farm Sources Frequency %
0-25% of feeds and forages 18 29.5
26-50% of feeds and forages 10 16.4
51-75% of feeds and forages 13 21.3
76-100% of feeds and forages 20 32.8
TOTAL 61 100.0
Nonresponses = 1

In 2007, what percentage of your purchased feeds and forages for your certified organic livestock did you purchase from Washington-based farm operations or suppliers?

% of Purchased Feeds and Forages from WA-Based Suppliers Frequency %
0-25% of feeds and forages 22 39.3
26-50% of feeds and forages 8 14.3
51-75% of feeds and forages 7 12.5
76-100% of feeds and forages 15 26.8
Does not apply – I did not purchase any feeds or forages for my certified organic livestock 4 7.1
TOTAL 56 100.0
Nonresponses = 6

Approximately what percentage of your total household income comes from your farm operation?

Percentage of Total Household Income Frequency %
0-25% of total household income 104 30.7
26-50% of total household income 55 16.2
51-75% of total household income 42 12.4
76-100% of total household income 138 40.7
TOTAL 339 100.0
Nonresponses = 17

Which of the following categories best represents the total farm receipts for your farm business in 2007?

Total Farm Receipts Frequency %
Less than $5,000 40 11.9
$5,000 – $9,999 22 6.5
$10,000 – $24,999 40 11.9
$25,000 – $49,999 37 11.0
$50,000 – $74,999 19 5.6
$75,000 – $99,999 18 5.3
$100,000 – $249,999 36 10.7
$250,000 – $499,999 49 14.5
$500,000 or more 76 22.6
TOTAL 337 100.0
Nonresponses = 19

Are you planning to maintain your organic certification for the next five years?

Yes (%) No (%)
Maintain organic certification 94.2 5.8
Nonresponses = 14

For respondents who checked “No” . . .

What is the primary reason why you plan to discontinue your organic certification?

Reasons Frequency %
Organic certification is not necessary because my customers will continue to buy my products even if they are not certified organic 5 35.7
I will retire from farming 4 28.6
Other reasons * 3 21.4
Certification is too expensive 1 7.1
I do not receive sufficient organic price premiums 1 7.1
TOTAL 14 100.0
Nonresponses = 6

* “Other reasons” included: low demand for organic hay, NOP requirements are diluting meaning of organic, must sell WA farm

In what county is your certified organic farm located?

County Frequency %
Yakima 48 13.5
Okanogan 33 9.3
Skagit 27 7.6
Chelan 24 6.7
Whatcom 17 4.8
Grant 15 4.2
Douglas 14 3.9
Thurston 14 3.9
Benton 13 3.7
Stevens 13 3.7
Kickitat 11 3.1
King 10 2.8
Snohomish 10 2.8
Lewis 10 2.8
Clallam 8 2.2
Clark 8 2.2
Franklin 8 2.2
San Juan 8 2.2
Two or more counties 8 2.2
Walla Walla 7 2.0
Grays Harbor 5 1.4
Island 5 1.4
Pierce 5 1.4
Kittitas 4 1.1
Spokane 4 1.1
Adams 4 1.1
Jefferson 4 1.1
Pacific 3 0.8
Wahkiakum 3 0.8
Whitman 3 0.8
Kitsap 2 0.6
Lincoln 2 0.6
Mason 2 0.6
Skamania 2 0.6
Asotin 1 0.3
Garfield 1 0.3
TOTAL 356 100.0

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