Kevin Murphy

Kevin Murphy

Associate Professor

Specialty Crop Breeding and Agronomy
Sustainable Seed Systems Lab

273 Johnson Hall
PO Box 646420
Pullman WA 99164-6420 USA
Phone 509-335-9692
FAX 509-335-8674
kmurphy2@wsu.edu

 

Education

Ph.D., Plant Breeding and Genetics, Washington State University, 2007
M.S., Crop Science, Washington State University, 2004
B.S., Biology, The Colorado College, 1994

Teaching

AFS 201: Systems Skills Development for Agriculture and Food Systems
Soils 302: Introduction to Agroecology
Crops 497/499/512: Neotropical Agroecology and Participatory Research: Ecuador

Research

I lead the specialty crop breeding and agronomy program at WSU. Our goal is to increase the genetic- and bio-diversity of cropping systems across Washington State through the development of new cultivars and implementation of ecologically-rooted production practices. Internationally, we conduct participatory breeding and agronomic research on quinoa, barley, and millets in Rwanda, Malawi, and Ecuador. Our group focuses on breeding and/or cropping systems research in barley, quinoa, spelt, buckwheat, perennial grains, industrial hemp, millets, and grain amaranth. We emphasize crops, varieties, and/or farming systems that optimize nutritional value and provide tolerance to heat, drought, and diseases while improving yield, flavor and end-use quality. Our cropping systems research has included studies on intercropping, cover crops, crop rotation effects, no-till farming, crop-livestock integration, and optimal planting dates and nitrogen, irrigation and seeding rates.

Recent Awards and Honors

Fulbright Specialists Fellow, Malawi, 2017
Faculty of the Year Award, WSU CAHNRS Alumni and Development, 2016
Early Career Excellence Award, WSU CAHNRS, 2016
Team Leader, WSU CAHNRS Interdisciplinary Research Team Award, Team Quinoa, 2015
WSU Innovator Award, 2014
Fulbright Specialists Fellow, Philippines, 2013

Books

Murphy, K., and J.B. Matanguihan (eds.) (2015). Quinoa: Improvement and Sustainable Production, Wiley-Blackwell. Hoboken, New Jersey, USA.

Varieties and Germplasm

Murphy, K., S.E. Ullrich, M.B. Wood, J.B. Matanguihan, V.A. Jitkov, S.O. Guy, X. Chen, B.O. Brouwer, S.R. Lyon, and S.S. Jones (2015). Registration of ‘Muir’ spring feed barley. Journal of Plant Registrations 9:283-287.

Meints, B., A. Cuesta-Marcos, S. Fisk, A.S. Ross, K. Murphy, and P.M. Hayes (2015). Registration of ‘#STRKR’ barley germplasm. Journal of Plant Registrations 9:388-392.

Murphy, K., S. Ullrich, M. Wood, J. Matanguihan, S. Guy, V Jitkov, and X. Chen (2015). Registration of ‘Lyon’, a two-row, spring feed barley. Journal of Plant Registrations 9:6-9.

Jones, S.S., S.R. Lyon, K.A. Balow, M.A. Gollnick, K. Murphy, J. Kuehner, X.M. Chen, T.D. Murray, D.A. Engle, and K.G. Campbell (2010). Registration of ‘Xerpha’ wheat. Journal of Plant Registrations 4:137-140. IF=0.62.

Jones, S.S., S.R. Lyon, K.A. Balow, M.A. Gollnick, K. Murphy, T.D. Murray, X.M. Chen, K.G. Campbell, J.W. Burns, W.F. Schillinger, P.E. Reisenauer, and B.J. Goates (2007). Registration of ‘MDM’ wheat. Journal of Plant Registrations 1: 104-106. IF=0.62.

Selected Publications

Wu, G., C. Morris, and K. Murphy (2017). Quinoa starch characteristics and their correlations with the texture profile analysis (TPA) of cooked quinoa. Journal of Food Science 82: 2387-2395.

Aluwi, N.A., K. Murphy, and G.M. Ganjyal (2017). Physicochemical characterization of different varieties of quinoa. Cereal Chemistry 94: 847-856.

Wu, G., C.F. Morris, K. Murphy, and C.F. Ross (2017). Lexicon development, consumer acceptance, and drivers of liking of quinoa varieties. Journal of Food Science 82: 993-1005.

Winkler, L.R., A. Hasenbeck, K. Murphy, and J. Hermes (2017). Replacing corn and wheat in layer diets with hulless oats shows effects on sensory properties and yolk quality in eggs. Frontiers in Nutrition 4: 37.

Piaskowski, J., K. Murphy, T. Kisha, and S.S. Jones (2017). Perennial wheat lines have highly admixed population structure and elevated rates of outcrossing. Euphytica: International Journal of Plant Breeding 213: 171.

Habiyaremye, C., K. Highet, V. Barth, T. Coffey, and K. Murphy (2017). Phenotypic responses of twenty diverse proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L) accessions to irrigation. Sustainability 9: 389.

Maliro, M.F.A., V.F. Guwela, J. Nyaika, and K. Murphy (2017). Preliminary studies of the performance of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) genotypes under irrigated and rainfed conditions of central Malawi. Frontiers in Plant Science 8: 227.

Jarvis, D.E., Y.S. Ho, D.J. Lightfoot, S.M. Schmöckel, B. Li, T. Borm, H. Ohyanagi, K. Mineta, C.T. Michell, N. Saber, N.M. Kharbatia, R.R. Rupper, A.R. Sharp, N. Dally, B. Boughton, Y.H. Woo, G. Gao, E. Schijlen, X. Guo, A.A. Momin, S. Negrão, S. Al-Babili, C. Gehring, U. Rӧssner, C. Jung, K. Murphy, S. Arold, T. Gojobori, G. van der Linden, R. van Loo, E.N. Jellen, P.J. Maughan, and M. Tester (2017). The genome of Chenopodium quinoa. Nature 542: 307-312. IF=38.138.

Murphy, K. (2017). A quiet harvest: Linkage between ritual, seed selection and the historical use of the finger-bladed knife as a traditional plant breeding tool in Ifugao, Philippines. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 13:3.

Habiyaremye, C., J.B. Matanguihan, J. d’Alpoim Guedes, G.M. Ganjyal, M.R. Whiteman, K.K. Kidwell, and K. Murphy (2017). Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) and its potential for cultivation in the Pacific Northwest, U.S.: A review. Frontiers in Plant Science 7:1961.

Curwen-McAdams, C., M. Arterburn, K. Murphy, X. Cai, and S.S. Jones (2017). Toward a taxonomic definition of perennial wheat: A new species × Tritipyrum aaseae described. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 64: 1651-1659.

Aluwi, N., B-J. Gu, G. Dhumal, I.G. Medina-Meza, K. Murphy, and G. Ganjyal (2016). Impacts of scarification and degermination on the expansion characteristics of select quinoa varieties during extrusion processing. Journal of Food Science 81: E2939-E2949.

Winkler, L., K. Murphy, and S.S. Jones (2016). The history of oats in western Washington and the role of regionality in agriculture. Journal of Rural Studies 47: 231-241.

Walters, H., L. Carpenter-Boggs, K. Desta, L. Yan, G.J. Matanguihan, and K. Murphy (2016). Effect of irrigation, intercrop and cultivar on agronomic and nutritional characteristics of quinoa. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 40: 783-803.

Murphy, K., D. Bazile, J. Kellogg, and M. Rahmanian (2016). Development of a worldwide consortium on evolutionary participatory breeding in quinoa. Frontiers in Plant Science 7: 608.

Brouwer, B.O., P.B. Schwarz, J.M. Barr, P.M. Hayes, K. Murphy, and S.S. Jones (2016). Evaluating barley for the emerging craft malting industry in western Washington. Agronomy Journal 108: 1-11.

Wu, G., A.J. Peterson, C.F. Morris, and K. Murphy (2016). Quinoa seed quality response to sodium chloride and sodium sulfate salinity. Frontiers in Plant Science 7: 790.

Kowalski, R.J., I.G. Medina-Meza, B.B. Thapa, K. Murphy, and G.M. Ganjyal (2016). Extrusion processing characteristics of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) var. Cherry Vanilla. Journal of Cereal Science 70: 91-98.

Vico, G., S. Manzoni, L. Nkurunziza, K. Murphy, and M. Weih (2016). Trade-offs between seed output and life span – a quantitative comparison of traits between annual and perennial congeneric species. New Phytologist 209: 104-114.

Brouwer, B.O., K. Murphy, and S.S. Jones (2016). Plant breeding for local food systems: A contextual review of end-use selection for small grains and dry beans in Western Washington. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 31: 172-184.

Meints, B., A. Cuesta-Marcos, A.S. Ross, S. Fisk, T. Kongraksawech, J. Marshall, K. Murphy, and P.M. Hayes (2015). Developing winter food barley for the Pacific Northwest of the U.S. Crop Science 55:1563-1573.

Peterson, A.J., S.-E. Jacobsen, A. Bonifacio, and K. Murphy (2015). A crossing method for quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Sustainability 7: 3230-3243.

Peterson, A. and K. Murphy (2015). Tolerance of lowland quinoa cultivars to sodium chloride and sodium sulfate salinity. Crop Science 55: 331-338.

Wu, G., K. Murphy, and C. Morris (2014). Evaluation of texture differences among varieties of cooked quinoa. Journal of Food Science 79(11): S2337-S2345.

Rustgi, S., J. Matanguihan, J. Mejias, R.A. Brew-Appiah, N. Wen, C. Osorio, N. Ankrah, K. Murphy, and D. von Wettstein (2014). Assessment of genetic diversity among barley cultivars and breeding lines adapted to the US Pacific Northwest, and its implications in barley breeding for imidazoline-resistance. PLoS ONE 9(6):e100998.

Lu, L., K. Murphy, and  B.-K. Baik (2013). Genotypic variation in nutritional composition of buckwheat groats and husks. Cereal Chemistry 90: 132-137.

Abi-Ghanem, R., L. Carpenter-Boggs, R.T. Koenig, J.L. Ullman, K. Murphy, and C.D. Pannkuk (2013). Access to agricultural inputs, technology and information, communicating with farmers, and the role of women in agriculture: Perceptions of Iraq extension agents. Journal of International Agricultural and Extension Education 20: 6-18.

Murphy, K., A.H. Carter, and S.S. Jones (2013). Evolutionary Breeding and Climate Change, In: Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops, Vol. 1 Concepts and Strategies. C. Kole (ed.); Springer.

Jakumar, N., S. Snapp, S., K. Murphy, and S.S. Jones (2012). Agronomic assessment of perennial wheat and perennial rye as cereal crops. Agronomy Journal 104: 1716-1726.

Hayes, R.C., M.T. Newell, L.R. DeHaan, K. Murphy, S. Crane, M.R. Norton, L.J. Wade, M. Newberry, M. Fahim, S.S. Jones, T.S. Cox, and P.J. Larkin (2012). Perennial cereal crops: An initial evaluation of wheat derivatives. Field Crops Research 133: 68-89.

Murphy, K., L.A. Hoagland, L. Yan, M. Colley, and S.S. Jones (2011). Genotype × environment interactions for mineral concentration in grain of organically grown spring wheat. Agronomy Journal 103: 1734-1741.

Döring, T.F., S. Knapp, G. Kovacs, K. Murphy, and M.S. Wolfe (2011). Evolutionary plant breeding in cereals – Into a new era.  Sustainability 3: 1944-1971.

More Publications (pdf)

 

Kevin Murphy News Articles

Book Cover of Quinoa: Improvement and Sustainable Production.
Quinoa: Improvement and Sustainable Production

Kevin Murphy (Editor), Janet Matanguihan (Editor)

Quinoa is an ancient grain that has grown in popularity in recent years. It has been known as a good source of both protein and fiber. As the demand for quinoa increases a comprehensive and up-to-date reference on the biology and production of the crop is essential. Quinoa: Improvement and Sustainable Production brings together authors from around the world to provide a complete assessment of the current state of global quinoa research and production. Topics covered include quinoa history and culture, genomics and breeding, agronomy, nutrition, marketing, and end-uses. The book focuses in particular on the emerging role of quinoa in providing increased food security to smallholder farmers and communities throughout the world.
Quinoa will interest quinoa researchers, producers, crop scientists, agronomists, and plant geneticists, as well as advanced students working with this important grain.

New York Times: 5 Things to Know About Quinoa

This week, a new food is appearing on Passover tables around the country. The Orthodox Union, the authority on kosher foods, recently ruled that certain brands of quinoa could carry its “Kosher for Passover” symbol.

‘NPR, The Salt’
Can Quinoa Farming Go Global Without Leaving Andeans Behind?

Will Quinoa be the new corn . . . that might be a stretch  . . .

WSU releases new barley variety honoring longtime plant breeder Steve Lyon

BarleyMOUNT VERNON, Wash. – After more than 22 years of breeding wheat for Washington State University, Steve Lyon never expected to make a name for himself in the barley field. But this spring’s release of ‘Lyon,’ a new variety of barley, is one way his colleagues in Pullman have chosen to recognize his long-term contributions to small grains research.

“As a graduate student in Stephen Jones’ winter wheat program, I worked with Steve Lyon on a daily basis,” said WSU barley breeder Kevin Murphy.

Research cultivates seeds of opportunity

Quinoa plantsPULLMAN, Wash. – The grain-like seed crop quinoa (pronounced KEEN-wah) has grown in popularity and likely will be grown more widely in the Pacific Northwest, thanks to a $1.6 million U.S. Department of Agriculture grant recently awarded to Washington State University researchers. . .   Traditional quinoa producing countries like Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru are not keeping up with U.S. demand, said Kevin Murphy, lead scientist and plant breeder for the WSU project.

 

Western innovator: Researcher shines light on quinoa

PULLMAN, Wash.–Every week, Kevin Murphy gets e-mails from farmers interested in growing quinoa.

There isn’t enough seed available, so Murphy intends to grow more of the popular specialty crop next spring on a half-dozen farms in Washington and Oregon.

Quinoa will never rival wheat’s overall popularity, Murphy said, but it has the potential to become an important specialty crop for the Northwest.

New WSU feed barley has disease resistance package (Muir)
Washington barley growers will have another new variety to consider next spring.

Muir is a spring, two-row feed barley developed by Washington State University barley breeder Kevin Murphy in Pullman, Washington.

A Perennial Search for Perfect Wheat

This WSU breeding team’s pursuit of a wheat variety that sprouts year – after –  year instead of dying after producing seed was featured in the science section of the New York Times.