E. Patrick Fuerst

Patrick Fuerst

208 Food Quality
PO Box 646394
Pullman WA 99164-6394 USA
Phone 509-339-5213



Curriculum Vitae (pdf)


B.S., Plant Science, Cornell University, 1976
M.S. Weed Science, Biochemistry, North Dakota State University, 1979
Ph.D. Weed Science, Herbicide Resistance Mechanisms, Michigan State University, 1984


I am interested in biochemical and molecular seed defenses and how these are linked to weed seed longevity and wheat quality.

Recent Grants Awarded

E.P. Fuerst (PD), A.C. Kennedy, and P.A. Okubara. ‘Biochemical And Molecular Mechanisms of Resistance to Decay in Weed Seeds’, Proposal 2013-02322 to USDANIFA starting January, 2014.

Park, E. Y., E.P. Fuerst, and B-K Baik. 2016. Phytate negatively influences wheat dough and bread characteristics by interfering with cross-linking of glutenin molecules. J. Cereal Sci. 70:199-206.

Lottes, O.C., A.M. Kiszonas, E.P. Fuerst, and C.F. Morris. 2016. Wheat grain consumption and selection by inbred and outbred strains of mice. Physiology & Behavior 165: 154-158.

Kiszonas, A.M., E.P. Fuerst, L. Talbert, J. Sherman, and C.F. Morris. 2016. Effect of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seed color and hardness genes on the consumption preference of the house mouse (Mus musculus L.). Mammalia 80:655-662.

Tautges, T., I.C. Burke, K. Borrelli, and E.P. Fuerst. 2016. Competitive Ability of Rotational Crops with Weeds in Dryland Organic Wheat Production Systems. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems.  doi:10.1017/S1742170516000028

Park, E.Y., B-K Baik, S. Machado, H.T. Gollany, and E.P. Fuerst.  2015. Functional and Nutritional Characteristics of Soft Wheat Grown in No-till and Conventional Cropping Systems. Cereal Chem. 92:332-338.

Park, E.Y., B-K Baik, P.R. Miller, I.C. Burke, E.A. Wegner, N.E. Tautges, C.F. Morris, and E.P. Fuerst.  2015. Functional and Nutritional Characteristics of Wheat Grown in Organic and Conventional Cropping Systems. Cereal Chem. 92:504-512

Morris, C.F., J. Casper, A.M. Kiszonas, E.P. Fuerst, J. Murray, M.C. Simeone, and D. Lafiandra. 2015. Soft Kernel Durum Wheat—A New Bakery Ingredient? Cereal Foods World 60: 76-83.

Yingjian, L., E.P. Fuerst, J. Lv, C.F. Morris, L. Yu, A. Fletcher, A.M. Kiszonas, L. Yu, and D. Luthria. 2015. Phytochemical Profile and Antiproliferative Activity of Dough and Bread Fractions Made from Refined and Whole Wheat Flours. Cereal Chem. 92:271-277.

Fuerst, E.P., P.A. Okubara, J.V. Anderson, and C.F. Morris. 2014. Polyphenol oxidase as a biochemical seed defense mechanism. Frontiers in Plant Science (Invited manuscript) (Hypothesis and Theory Article). doi: 10.3389/fpls.2014.00689.

Borrelli, K.A., R.T. Koenig, I.C. Burke, R.S. Gallagher, D. Pittmann, A. Snyder, and E.P. Fuerst. 2014. Wheat yield and quality following legume and cereal-based cropping systems during the transition to organic production in the dryland region of the inland Pacific Northwest. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems. doi:10.1017/S1742170514000283.

Yingjian, L., D. Luthria, E.P. Fuerst, A.M. Kiszonas, L. Yu, and C.F. Morris. 2014. Effect of processing on phenolic composition of dough and bread fractions made from refined and whole wheat flour of three wheat varieties. J. Agric. Food Chem. 62:10431-10436.

Park, E.Y., B-K Baik, S. Machado, H.T. Gollany, and E.P. Fuerst. Functional and Nutritional Characteristics of Soft Wheat Grown in No-till and Conventional Cropping Systems. Cereal Chem., in Press, accepted Dec. 24, 2014.

Morris, C.F., E.P. Fuerst, D.J. McLean, K. Momont, and C.P. James. 2014. The House Mouse (Mus musculus L.) Exerts Strong Differential Grain Consumption Preferences Among Hard Red and White Spring Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties in a Single-Elimination Tournament Design. Journal of Food Science 79 (11): S2323-S2329

Fuerst, E.P., C.F. Morris, N. Dasgupta, and D.J. McLean. 2013. Optimizing experimental design using the house mouse (Mus musculus L.) as a model for determining grain feeding preferences. J. Food Sci. 78 (10) S1614-S1620.

Gallagher, R.S., K.L. Granger, A.M. Snyder, D. Pittmann, and E.P. Fuerst. 2013. Implications of Environmental Stress during Seed Development on Reproductive and Seed Bank Persistence Traits in Wild Oat (Avena fatua L.).  Agronomy 3:537-549; doi:10.3390/agronomy3030537

Kiszonas, A.M., E.P. Fuerst, and C.F. Morris. 2013. Wheat arabinoxylan structure provides insight into function. Cereal Chem. 90:387-395.

Kiszonas, A.M., E.P. Fuerst, and C.F. Morris. 2013. A Comprehensive Survey of Soft Wheat Grain Quality in U.S. Germplasm. Cereal Chem. 90:47-57.

Morris, C.F., E.P. Fuerst, B.S. Beecher, D.J. McLean, C.P. James, and H.W. Geng. 2013. Did the house mouse (Mus musculus L.) shape the evolutionary trajectory of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)? Ecology and Evolution 3: 3447-3454.

Piaskowski, J., B. Weddell, E.P. Fuerst, D. Roberts, and L. Carpenter-Boggs. 2013. Building supportive networks among agricultural innovators through a symposium on dryland organic farming. Journal of Extension 51 (6) article 6FEA6.

Borrelli, K., R. Koenig, R.S. Gallagher, D. Pittmann, A. Snyder, I. Burke, L. Hoagland, and E.P. Fuerst. 2012: Alternative strategies for transitioning to organic production in direct-seeded grain systems in eastern Washington II: Nitrogen fertility. J. Sustainable Agric., 36:461-477.

Morris, C.F., D. McLean, J.A. Engleson, E.P. Fuerst, F. Burgos, and E. Coburn. 2012. Some observations on the granivorous feeding behavior preferences of the house mouse (Mus musculus L.). Mammalia 76:209-218.

Whent, M., H. Huang, Z. Xie, H. Lutterodt, L. Yu, E.P. Fuerst, C.F. Morris, L. Yu, and D. Luthria. 2012. Phytochemical composition, anti-inflammatory, and antiproliferative activity of whole wheat flour. J. Agric. Food Chem. 60:2129-2135.

Fuerst, E.P., J.V. Anderson, A.C. Kennedy, and R.S. Gallagher. 2011. Induction of polyphenol oxidase activity in dormant wild oat (Avena fatua) seeds and caryopses: a defense response to seed decay fungi. Weed Sci. 59:137-144.

Morris, C.F., J.A. Anderson, G.E. King, A.D. Bettge, K. Garland-Campbell, R.E. Allan, E.P. Fuerst, and B.S. Beecher. 2011.  Characterization of a unique “super soft” kernel trait in wheat. Cereal Chem. 88:576-583.

Granger K.L, R.S. Gallagher, E.P. Fuerst, and J.R. Alldredge. 2011. Comparison of seed phenolic extraction and assay methods. Methods Ecol. Evol. doi: 10.1111/j.2041-210X.2011.00120.x

DeLuna, L.Z., A.C. Kennedy, J.C. Hansen, T.C. Paulitz, R.S. Gallagher, and E.P. Fuerst. 2011. Mycobiota on wild oat (Avena fatua L.) seed and their caryopsis decay potential. Plant Health Progress doi:10.1094/PHP-2011-0210-01-RS.

Anderson, J.V., E.P. Fuerst, T. Tedrow, B. Hulke, and A.C. Kennedy. 2010. Activation of polyphenol oxidase in dormant wild oat caryopses by a seed-decay isolate of Fusarium avenaceum. J. Agric. Food Chem. 58:10597-10605.

Fuerst, E.P., J.V. Anderson, and C.F. Morris. 2010. Polyphenol Oxidase and Darkening of Asian Noodles – Mechanisms, Measurement and Improvement. Pages 285-312 in: G. Hou, Ed., Asian Noodles: Science, Technology, and Processing; Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Gallagher, R.S, D. Pittmann, A.M. Snyder, R.T. Koenig, E.P. Fuerst, I.C. Burke and L. Hoagland. 2010. Alternative Strategies for Transitioning to Organic Production in Direct-Seeded Grain Systems in Eastern Washington I: Crop Agronomy. J. Sustainable Agric. 34:483-503.

Gallagher, R.S., R. Ananth, K. Granger, B. Bradley, J.V. Anderson, and E.P. Fuerst. 2010. Phenolic and short-chained aliphatic organic acid constituents of wild oat (Avena fatua L.) seeds. J. Agric. Food Chem. 58:218-225.

Gallagher, R.S., K.L. Granger, L.H. Keser, J. Rossi, D. Pittmann, S. Rowland, M. Burnham, and E.P. Fuerst.  2010. Shade and drought stress-induced changes in phenolic content of wild oat (Avena fatua L.) seeds. J. Stress Physiol. Biochem. 6(4):90-107.

More publications (pdf)