Dr. Arron H. Carter

Winter wheat breeding program

Winter Wheat Breeding Program
Associate Professor and Endowed Chair

383 Johnson Hall
PO Box 646420
Pullman WA 99164-6420 USA
Phone 509-335-6198
FAX 509-335-8674

Curriculum vitae (pdf)


Ph.D., Washington State University, Crop Science, 2009
M.S., University of Idaho, Plant Science, 2006
B.S., University of Idaho, Plant Science, 2003


I lead the winter wheat breeding and genetics program at Washington State University. My research is directed toward breeding improved wheat varieties for cropping systems in Washington state that incorporate diverse rotations and environments. Our goal is to release high-yielding, disease resistant varieties with good end-use quality  that will maintain profitability and reduce the risk to growers. New varieties are developed using a combination of traditional plant breeding methods, molecular marker technology, and biotechnology. Research efforts include identifying genetic solutions to winter wheat production problems, thereby enhancing the sustainability of the Washington wheat industry. Farmer participation is utilized in the development of new varieties and in research planning. Current research topics involve developing water-use efficient wheat, adaptation of sensor based technology into wheat breeding programs, genetic understanding of end-use quality in wheat, and identification of new genes for stripe rust resistance.


Gizaw, S., K. Garland-Campbell, and A.H. Carter. 2016. Use of spectra reflectance for indirect selection of yield potential and stability in Pacific Northwest winter wheat. Field Crops Research 196:199-206

Gizaw S., K. Garland-Campbell, and A.H. Carter. 2016. Evaluation of agronomic traits and spectral reflectance in Pacific Northwest winter wheat under rain-fed and irrigated conditions. Field Crops Research 196:168-179

Froese, P.S., and A.H. Carter. 2016. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the wheat genome associated with tolerance of acidic soils and aluminum toxicity. Crop Science 56:1662-1677

Froese, P.S., and A.H. Carter. 2016. Quantitative Cephalosporium stripe disease resistance mapped in the wheat genome. Crop Science: 56:1586-1601

Kariyawasam, G., A.H. Carter, J. Rasmussen, J. Faris, S. Xu, M. Mergoum, and Z. Liu. 2016. Genetic relationships between race-nonspecific and race-specific interactions in the wheat-Pyrenophora tritici-repentis pathosystem. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 129:897-908

Carter, B.P., M.B. Galloway, G.S. Campbell, and A.H. Carter. 2016. Changes in the moisture permeability of grain at the critical water activity from dynamic dewpoint isotherms. ASABE Publications

Klarquist, E., X.M. Chen, and A.H. Carter. 2016. Novel QTL for stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici) resistance on chromosomes 4A and 6B from soft white winter wheat (Tricticum aestivum). Agronomy 6:4

Kuhn, J., T. Stubbs, and A.H. Carter. 2016. Effect of the Gpc-B1 allele in hard red winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the Pacific Northwest of the US. Crop Science 56:1009-1017

Khot, L.R., S. Sanakran, A.H. Carter, D.A. Johnson, and T.F. Cummings. 2016. UAS imaging-based decision tools for arid winter wheat and irrigated potato production management. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 37:125-137

Matute, M.M., A.H. Carter, and J. Sherman. 2015. Nematode composition and soil conditions in plots under a wheat crop in Colfax, Washington State. Journal of Agricultural Science 7:76-89

Sanakran, S., L.R. Khot, and A.H. Carter. 2015. Field-based crop phenotyping: Multispectral aerial imaging for rapid evaluation of winter wheat emergence and spring stand. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 118:372-379

Carter, B.P., M.B. Galloway, G.S. Campbell, and A.H. Carter. 2015. The critical water activity from dynamic dewpoint isotherms as an indicator of pre-mix powder stability. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization 9:479-486

Sankaran, S., L.R. Khot, C.Z. Espinoza, S. Jarolmasjed, V.R. Sathuvalli, G.J. Vandemark, P.N. Miklas, A.H. Carter, M.O. Pumphrey, N.R. Knowles, M.J. Pavek. 2015. Low-altitude, high-resolution aerial imaging systems for row and field crop phenotyping: A review. European Journal of Agronomy (in press).

Carter, B.P., M.B. Galloway, C.F. Morris, G.L. Weaver, and A.H. Carter. 2015. The case for water activity as a specification for wheat tempering and flour production. Cereal Food World 60:166-170.

Sanakran, S., L.R. Khot, and A.H. Carter. 2015. Field-based crop phenotyping: Multispectral aerial imaging for rapid evaluation of winter wheat emergence and spring stand. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 118:372-379.

Carter, A.H., K.K. Kidwell, DeMacon, G.B. Shelton, R.W. Higginbotham, K.A. Balow, J. Hansen, X.M. Chen, D.A. Engle, B. Baik, and C.F. Morris. 2015. Registration of ‘Sprinter’ wheat. Journal of Plant Registrations 9:196-200.

Naruoka, Y., K.A. Garland-Campbell, and A.H. Carter. 2015. Genome-wide association mapping for stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis F. sp. tritici) in US Pacific Northwest winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 128:1083-1101.

Carter, A.H., S.S. Jones, X. Cai, S.R. Lyon, K.A. Balow, G.B. Shelton, R.W. Higginbotham, X.M. Chen, D.A. Engle, B. Baik, S.O. Guy, T.D. Murray, and C.F. Morris. 2014. Registration of ‘Puma’ wheat. Journal of Plant Registrations 8:273-278.

Squires, C.C. and A.H. Carter. 2014. A less lethal sodium hydroxide test for determining seed coat color in wheat. Seed Science and Technology 42:274-278.

Squires, C.C., D.R. See, and A.H. Carter. 2014. Sources of seed coat color variation in certified wheat seed. Seed Science and Technology 42:247-259.

Higginbotham, R., P. Froese, and A.H. Carter. 2014. Tolerance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings to wireworm (Coleoptera: Elateridae). Journal of Economic Entomology 107:833-837.

Case, A.J., D.Z. Skinner, K.A. Garland-Campbell, and  A.H. Carter. 2014. Freezing tolerance-associated QTL in the Brundage x Coda wheat recombinant inbred line population.  Crop Science 54:982-992.

Carter, A.H., S.E. Cambron, H.W. Ohm, N. Bosque-Pèrez, and K.K. Kidwell. 2014. Identifying molecular markers associated with Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor [Say]) resistance in the spring wheat (Tricitum aestivum) cultivar ‘Louise’. Crop Science 54:1-11.

Case, A.J., Y. Naruoka, X. Chen, K.A. Garland-Campbell, R.S. Zemetra, and A.H. Carter. 2014. Mapping stripe rust resistance genes in a BrundageXCoda winter wheat population.PlosONE 9(3):e91758 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091758.

Carter, A.H., S.S. Jones, G.B. Shelton, R. Higginbotham, S. Lyon, K. Balow, S. Guy, B. Baik, D.A. Engle, C. Morris, and X.M. Chen. 2013. Registration of ‘Otto’ wheat.  Journal of Plant Registrations 7:195-200.

Higginbotham, R., S.S. Jones, and  A.H. Carter. 2013. Wheat cultivar performance and stability between no-till and conventional tillage systems in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. Sustainability 5:882-895.

Cavanagh, C.R., S. Chao, S. Wang, B.E. Huang, S. Stephen, S. Kiani, K. Forrest, C. Saintenac, G.L. Brown-Guedira, A. Akhunov, D. See, G. Bai, M. Pumphrey, L. Tomar, D. Wong, S. Kong, M. Reynolds, M. Lopez da Silva, H. Bockelman, L. Talbert, J.A. Anderson, S. Dreisigacker, P.S. Baenziger, A. Carter, V. Korzum, P.L. Morrell, J. Dubcovsky, M.K. Morell, M.E. Sorrells, M. Hayden, and E. Akhunov. 2013. Genome-wide comparative diversity uncovers multiple targets of selection for improvement in hexaploid wheat landraces and cultivars. Proc Natl Acad Sci 100:8057-8062 doi:10.1073/pnas.1217133110.

Murphy, K.M., A.H. Carter, and S.S. Jones. 2013. Evolutionary breeding and climate change. Chapter 9, pp 377-389. In C. Kole ed, Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops, Vol. 1 Concepts and Strategies. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Flowers, M., P.B. Hamm, A.H. Carter, and T.D. Murray. 2012. Reaction of winter wheat cultivars and breeding lines to soilborne wheat mosaic. Plant Disease Management Reports 6:CF025.

Lanning, S.P., P. Hucl, M. Pumphrey, A.H. Carter, P.F. Lamb, G.R. Carlson, D.M. Wichman, K.D. Kephart, D. Spaner, J.M. Martin, and L.E. Talbert. 2012. Agronomic performance of spring wheat as related to planting date and photoperiod response. Crop Science 52:1633-1639.

Poole, G.J., R.W. Smiley, T.C. Paulitz, A.H. Carter, D.R. See, and K. Garland-Campbell. 2012. Identification of microsatellite markers Xgwm247 and Xgwm299 linked to quantitative trait loci for resistance to Fusarium crown rot (Fusarium pseudograminearum) in two spring wheat populations. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 125:91-107.

Beecher, B.S., A.H. Carter, and D.R. See. 2012. Genetic mapping of a new family of seed-expressed polyphenol oxidase genes in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 124:1463-1473.

Carter, A.H., D.K. Santra, and K.K. Kidwell. 2012. Assessment of the effect of the GPC-B1 allele on senescence rate, grain protein concentration and mineral content in hard red spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) from the Pacific Northwest region of the USA. Plant Breeding 131:62-68.

Carter, A.H., K. Garland-Campbell, C. Morris, and Kidwell. 2012. Chromosomes 3B and 4D are associated with several milling and baking quality traits in a soft white spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) population. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 124:1079-1096.

Higginbotham, R.W., S.S. Jones, and A.H. Carter. 2011. Adaptability of wheat cultivars to a late-planted no-till fallow production system. Sustainability 3:1224-1233.

Carter, A.H., K. Garland-Campbell, and K.K. Kidwell. 2011. Genetic mapping of quantitative trait loci associated with important agronomic traits in the spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cross ‘Louise’ by ‘Penawawa’. Crop Science 51:84-95.

More Publications (pdf)

News Articles

Two WSU Wheat Scientists Named Vogel Endowed Chairs

LIND, Wash. – Washington State University’s two leading wheat breeders will advance the state’s $1 billion wheat industry as co-recipients of the O.A. Vogel Endowed Chair in Wheat Breeding and Genetics.

CAHNRS Faculty Feature: Arron Carter

We asked several CAHNRS Ambassadors, excellent students who love WSU and their college, to name their favorite professors. And now we’re featuring those nominated educators in this weekly series.


Today we’re showcasing Arron Carter, professor and director of the WSU Winter Wheat Breeding program.

Making Breeders Look Good (pdf)

It’s breeders who get the accolades for releasing a superior new variety, but to paraphrase an old proverb, “Behind every great plant breeder stands a great technician.” Or in my case, multiple technicians.

Although the goal of most plant breeding programs is to develop and release new varieties, there are multiple objectives that must be accomplished before that happens. In the winter wheat breeding program at Washington State University (WSU), our overarching objective is to release cultivars that lead to sustainable wheat production in Washington.

Inspiring Teamwork

When Arron Carter, the director of the Washington State University Winter Wheat Breeding Program, was in high school his agricultural teacher had a ’69 Corvette Stingray. Every year this teacher would let his favorite senior take the car to senior prom. Carter had never taken an agriculture class before, but he knew he wanted to drive that car.

Winter wheat breeding program students and techs.

Students, technicians, and technical assistants working in the winter wheat breeding program.

Released Cultivars

Otto (pdf)

Puma (pdf)



Jasper (pdf)